A Developmental Delay is suspected when a child does not reach developmental milestones within the expected time-frame. It is an ongoing, major delay in the process of development, rather than a slight or temporary lag behind in expected milestones. A developmental evaluation involves an assessment of your child’s intelligence (or current developmental functioning), language, and visual-motor skills. If concerns about autism or a pervasive developmental disorder are present, your child may be given the ADOS (Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule) along with other assessment measures as part of the developmental evaluation. Further, parent and teacher/caregiver interviews and rating forms are an important part of the evaluation. The Developmental Evaluation typically takes two to three sessions to complete, each lasting 1-2 hours.
A psycho-educational evaluation is helpful in providing a comprehensive picture of one’s learning style, including academic strengths and weaknesses. It should be considered when an individual is having difficulty with attention, maintaining motivation, or working consistently; displays problems with reading or other academic skills; or is not progressing in school or work as expected. A psycho-educational evaluation is important when considering a new school placement, when a good baseline is desired, or when updated testing is required to qualify a student for school accommodations or modifications.
Psycho-educational Testing provides in-depth information about one’s child’s intellectual functioning and general learning abilities, both verbal and visual/spatial in nature that could be expected during one’s daily experiences at school or work. Information is gathered regarding the individual’s attention, executive functioning, auditory and visual processing, speech/language abilities, as motor skills, as well as academic (or preacademic for the younger child) skills in the areas of reading (decoding and comprehension skills), written expression (including spelling and handwriting), and math (calculation and reasoning skills).
Intelligence involves the ability to reason, solve problems, analyze situations, and understand social values, customs, and norms. An intellectual evaluation is the estimation of an individual’s current intellectual functioning obtained through performance of various verbal and nonverbal tasks designed to assess different types of reasoning. The tests compare a child with others of his or her age on tasks presented in a standardized manner. Intelligence testing is given as part of a psycho-educational battery in order to provide a measure of the individual’s intellectual functioning.
A Psychological Evaluation assesses the overall psychological functioning of the individual. Instruments may be used to evaluate intellectual functioning, adaptive functioning, and the capacity for control and stress tolerance, emotion and impulse modulation, self and interpersonal perception, and thought processes.
Depending upon your presenting concerns and an evaluation of your needs, there are different methods we may use to help you reach your goals. These may include one or a combination of the following treatment modalities: individual therapy; family therapy; parent training; couples therapy; and/or group therapy.